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Reliable pre-shipment inspection based on the AQL table

AQF_Reliable pre-shipment inspection based on the AQL table

For a reliable pre-shipment inspection based on the AQL table, some specific conditions should be respected. Otherwise the buyer is taking a lot of risks.If asked to choose, most buyers perform only one inspection: the pre-shipment inspection. 

General conditions for a Pre-shipment inspection based on the AQL table

As previously explained, the AQL table (acceptable quality limit) is the most commonly used standard applied by professional inspectors to check the quality of manufactured goods. And because it is a statistic table some general conditions should be respected to ensure the product inspection result reliability.

Conditions for a reliable pre-shipment inspection based on the AQL table

The choice of the AQL general inspection level influences the reliability of the inspection as it defines the acceptable number of minor, major and critical defects that could be accepted for a batch of products. It is advisable to choose the level II or III. The level I option is very risky.

Another condition to ensure the reliability of a pre-shipment inspection result relies on the achievement of the production. The buyer should be exigent with the supplier on the quantities of goods finished and packed and so ready to be shipped.

  • Best scenario: 100% of the goods are finished and packed
  • More risky scenario: 100% of the goods are finished and more than 80% packed
  • Unreliable scenario: all the rest

The risks of not respecting these conditions

Unfinished production and level of products already packed are sometimes neglected when the buyers lack of time and need to meet deadlines because the shipment date is too close to the pre-shipment inspection date. As a result, Buyers tolerate a lower percentage of finished and packed goods to perform the quality control check. Unfortunately, it could have consequences on the quality of the products to be manufactured. Here are some of the typical quality issues buyers are facing when opening the container in the country of destination:

  • The quantity shipped is lower than the total quantity ordered.
  • The factory produces the rest of the goods quickly. The very common consequence is that the quality level drops (they usually skip the internal quality control at the end of the production line).
  • The products are packed even if they are semi-finished and unusable.

And you: do you follow those conditions when performing a pre-shipment inspection based on the AQL table?

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